Peak Effect in Bi-2212 Single Crystal at Low Magnetic Field

Title, author, abstract

Peak Effect in Bi-2212 Single Crystal at Low Magnetic Field
Tatsuya Hirano(1), Hideyo Yamato(1), Masaru Kiuchi(1), Teruo Matsushita(1,2)
Yuri Nakayama(3), Junichi Shimoyama(3), Kouji Kishio(3)
(1)Department of Computer Science and Electronics, Kyushu Institute of Technology,
680--4 Kawazu, Iizuka, 820 JAPAN
(2)Graduate School of Information Science and Electrical Engineering (ISEE), Kyushu University,
6--10--1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812--81, Japan
(3)Department of Superconductivity, University of Tokyo,
7--3--1 Hongo, Bunkyou-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan
Force-displacement characteristic of flux lines in a superconducting Bi-2212 single crystal was measured using the Campbell method at low temperatures and low magnetic fields where the peak effect of the critical current density was observed. It was found that the interaction distance, $d_{\rm i}$, had a peak around the peak field, while the Labusch parameter, $\alpha_{\rm L}$, increased monotonously with increasing magnetic field. The peak of $d_{\rm i}$ means an increment of the reversible limit of motion of pinned flux lines. This seems to be caused by an introduction of some disorder in the flux line lattice at the so-called 3-dimensional to 2-dimensional transition field. However, the characteristic length of the deformation along the $c$-axis is considered to be much longer than the distance between the CuO$_{\rm 2}$ planes.
Original paper appears in
10th International Symposium on Superconductivity
October 28--30, 1997
Gifu, Japan